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Bani, P., C. Oppenheimer, V.I. Tsanev, S.A. Carn, S.J. Cronin, R. 

Crimp, J.A. Calkins, D. Charley, M. Lardy, and T.R. Roberts (2009). 

Surge in sulfur and halogen degassing from Ambrym volcano, Vanuatu, Bull. Volcanol., doi:10.1007/s00445-009-0293-7 (in press).


Bankert, R.L. and R.H. Wade, 2007: Optimization of an instance-based GOES cloud classification algorithm. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 46, 36-49.


Bankert, R.L., C. Mitrescu, S.D. Miller, and R.H. Wade, 2009: Comparison of GOES cloud classification algorithms employing explicit and implicit physics.  J. Appl. Meteor. Clim., 48, 1411-1421.


Bou Karam, D., C. Flamant, P. Tulet, M. C. Todd, J. Pelon, and E. Williams (2009), Dry cyclogenesis and dust mobilization in the intertropical discontinuity of the West African Monsoon: A case study, J. Geophys. Res., 114, D05115, doi:10.1029/2008JD010952.


Bedka, K. M., J. Brunner, R. Dworak, W. Feltz, J. Otkin, and Thomas Greenwald, 2009. Objective Satellite-Based Overshooting Top Detection Using Infrared Window Channel Brightness Temperature Gradients, Accepted for publication, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology.


Bedka, K. M., C. S. Velden, R. A. Petersen, W. F. Feltz, and J. R. Mecikalski, 2008: Comparisons of Satellite-Derived Atmospheric Motion Vectors, Rawinsondes, and NOAA Wind Profiler Observations, Accepted for publication by, J. Appl. Meteor and Clima.


Bedka, S. T.; Feltz, W. F.; Schreiner, A. J. and Holz, R. E.. Satellite-derived cloud top pressure product validation using aircraft-based cloud physics lidar data from the ATReC field campaign. International Journal of Remote Sensing, Volume 28, Issue 10, 2007, pp.2221-2239. Call Number: Reprint # 5409


Berendes, Todd A.; Mecikalski, John R.; MacKenzie, Wayne M. Jr.; Bedka, Kristopher M. and Nair, U. S.. Convective cloud identification and classification in daytime satellite imagery using deviation limited adaptive clustering. Journal of Geophysical Research, Volume 113, 2008, Doi.10:1029/2008JD010287, 2008. Call Number: Reprint # 5867


Bernstein, B., F. McDonough, M. Politovich, B. Brown, T. Ratvasky, D. Miller, C.A. Wolff, and G. Cunning, 2006: Current Icing Potential (CIP): Algorithm description and comparison with aircraft observations. J. Appl. Meteorol., 44, 969-986.


Brioude, J., O. R. Cooper, G. Feingold, M. Trainer, S. R. Freitas, D. Kowal, J. K. Ayers, E. Prins, P. Minnis, S. A. McKeen, G. J. Frost, and E.-Y. Hise, 2009: Effect of biomass burning on marine stratocumulus clouds off the California coast. Submitted to Atmos. Chem. Phys. 


Brunner, J.C., S.A. Ackerman, A.S. Bachmeier, and R.M. Rabin, 2007: A quantitative analysis of the enhanced-V feature in relation to severe weather. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 853-872.


Carn, S., N. Krotkov, K. Yang, R. Hoff, A. Prata, A. Krueger, S. Loughlin, and P. Levelt (2007). Extended observations of volcanic SO2 and sulfate aerosol in the stratosphere, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions., 7, 2857-2871.  Available at


Carn, S.A., N.A. Krotkov, A.J. Krueger, K. Yang, and P.F. Levelt (2007). Sulfur dioxide emissions from Peruvian copper smelters detected by the Ozone Monitoring Instrument, Geophys. Res. Lett. 34, L09801, doi:10.1029/2006GL029020.


Carn, S.A., A.J. Krueger, N.A. Krotkov, S. Arellano, and K. Yang (2008).  Daily monitoring of Ecuadorian volcanic degassing from space, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res., doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.01.029.



Carn, S.A., A.J. Prata, and S. Karlsdóttir (2008). Circumpolar transport of a volcanic cloud from Hekla (Iceland). J. Geophys. Res., 113, D14311, doi:10.1029/2008JD009878.


Carn, S.A., A.J. Krueger, N.A. Krotkov, K. Yang, and K. Evans (2008).  Tracking volcanic sulfur dioxide clouds for aviation hazard mitigation.  Natural Hazards, doi:10.1007/s11069-008-9228-4.


Carn, S.A., A.J. Krueger, N.A. Krotkov, K. Yang, and K. Evans (2009). 

Tracking volcanic sulfur dioxide clouds for aviation hazard mitigation. Natural Hazards, doi:10.1007/s11069-008-9228-4 (in press).


Carn, S.A., J.S. Pallister, L. Lara, J.W. Ewert, S. Watt, A.J. Prata, R.J. Thomas, and G. Villarosa (2009). The unexpected awakening of Chaitén volcano, Chile, EOS Trans. AGU, 90(24), 205-206.


Clerbaux, C., P.-F. Coheur, L. Clarisse, J. Hadji-Lazaro, D. Hurtmans, S. Turquety, K. Bowman, H. Worden, and S. A. Carn (2008). Measurements of SO2 profiles in volcanic plumes from the NASA Tropospheric Emission Spectrometer (TES). Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L22807, doi:



Donovan, M., E. Williams, C. Kessinger, G. Blackburn, P. H. Herzegh, R. L. Bankert, S. D. Miller, and F. R. Mosher, 2008:  The identification and verification of hazardous convective cells over oceans using visible and infrared satellite observations. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 47, 164-184.


Feltz, W. F.; Bedka, K. M.; Otkin, J. A.; Greenwald, T. and Ackerman, S. A., 2009. Understanding satellite-observed mountain-wave signatures using high-resolution numerical model data. Weather and Forecasting, Volume 24, Issue 1, 2009, pp.76-86. Call Number: Reprint # 6016


Frehlich, R. and R. Sharman: Climatology of Velocity and Temperature Turbulence Statistics Determined from Rawinsonde and ACARS Data.

Submitted to J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol.


Frehlich, R.  and R. Sharman, 2008:  The use of structure functions and spectra from numerical model output to determine effective model resolution.  Mon. Wea. Rev., 136, 1537-1553.


Gambill, L., and J. R. Mecikalski, 2009: A summertime convective cloud climatology over the Southeastern U.S.: Relationships to land cover and topography. Submitted. Mon. Wea. Rev.


Hong, G., P. Yang, P. Minnis, A. Dessler, Y. X. Hu, and G. North, 2008: Do contrails significantly reduce diurnal temperature range? Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L23815, doi: 2008GL036108. 


Kärcher, B. U. Burkhardt, S. Unterstrasser, and P. Minnis, 2009: Factors controlling contrail cirrus optical depth. Submitted to Atmos. Chem. Phys. 


Krotkov, N.A., S.A. Carn, A.J.  Krueger, P.K. Bhartia, and K. Yang (2006), Band Residual Difference algorithm for retrieval of SO2 from the Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI), IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sensing, AURA Special Issue, 44(5), 1259-1266, doi:10.1109/TGRS.2005.861932.


Krotkov, N. A., B. McClure, R.R. Dickerson, S.A. Carn, C. Li, P.K. 

Bhartia, K. Yang, A.J. Krueger, Z. Li, P. Levelt, H. Chen, P. Wang, and D.R. Lu (2008), Validation of SO2 retrievals from the Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) over NE China, J. Geophys. Res., 113, D16S40, doi:10.1029/2007JD008818.


Krueger, A., N. Krotkov, S. Carn, El Chichon: The genesis of volcanic sulfur dioxide monitoring from space, J. Volcanol. Geotherm. Res. (2008), doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2008.02.026 ; Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Volume 175, Issue 4, 20 August 2008, Pages 408-414


Lane, T. P. and R. D. Sharman, 2006:  Gravity wave breaking, secondary wave generation, and mixing above deep convection in a three-dimensional cloud model, Geophys. Res. Lett., 33, L23813, doi:10.1029/2006GL027988.


Lane, T. P., and R.D. Sharman, 2008: Some Influences of Background Flow Conditions on the Generation of Turbulence due to Gravity Wave Breaking above Deep Convection. J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 47, 2777–2796.


Lane, T. P., J. D. Doyle, R. D. Sharman, M. A. Shapiro, and C. D.

Watson: Statics and dynamics of aircraft encounters of turbulence over Greenland.  Accepted, to appear in Mon. Wea. Rev.


Lenz, A., 2008: Identification of Aviation Turbulence Signatures from Mesoscale Convective Features using Satellite Imagery.  UW-Madison Senior Undergraduate Thesis, Atmospheric Oceanic Sciences Department.


Lenz, A., K. Bedka, W. Feltz, and S. Ackerman, 2009:  Convectively-Induced Transverse Band Signatures in Satellite Imagery. Accepted for publication in J. of Weather and Forecasting.


Mackenzie, W. M., Mecikalski, J. R., and C. W. Siewert, 2009: Enhancements to 0-2 hour lightning initiation and nighttime convective initiation through use of the 3.9 µm channel on GOES. Submitted. J. Geophys. Res.


Martinsson, B.G., C.A.M. Brenninkmeijer, S.A. Carn, M. Hermann, K.-P. 

Heue, P.F.J. van Velthoven, and A. Zahn (2009). Influence of the 2008 Kasatochi volcanic eruption on sulfurous and carbonaceous aerosol constituents in the lower stratosphere. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L12813, doi:10.1029/2009GL038735.


McNutt, S.R. and E.R. Williams, Volcanic Lightning: Global observations and constraints on source mechanisms, Bulletin of Volcanology, (in review), 2008.


Mecikalski, J.R., and K.M. Bedka, 2006: Forecasting Convective Initiation by Monitoring the Evolution of Moving Cumulus in Daytime GOES Imagery. Mon. Wea. Rev., 134, 49–78.


Mecikalski, J. R., and K. M. Bedka, 2006: Forecasting convective initiation by monitoring the evolution of moving convection in daytime GOES imagery. Mon. Wea. Rev. 134, 49-78.


Mecikalski, J.R., W.F. Feltz, J.J. Murray, D.B. Johnson, K.M. Bedka, S.T. Bedka, A.J. Wimmers, M. Pavolonis, T.A. Berendes, J. Haggerty, P. Minnis, B. Bernstein, and E. Williams, 2007: Aviation Applications for Satellite-Based Observations of Cloud Properties, Convection Initiation, In-Flight Icing, Turbulence, and Volcanic Ash. Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 88, 1589–1607.


Mecikalski, John R.; Bedka, Kristopher M.; Paech, Simon J. and Litten, Leslie A.. A statistical evaluation of GOES cloud-top properties for nowcasting convective initiation. Monthly Weather Review, Volume 136, Issue 12, 2008, pp.4899-4914. Call Number: Reprint # 5926


Mecikalski, J. R., W. M. MacKenzie, Jr., M. Koenig, and S. A. Muller,

2009: Cloud-top Properties of Growing Cumulus prior to Convective Initiation as measured by Meteosat Second Generation. Part 1. Infrared fields. Submitted. J. Appl. Meteor. Clim.


Mecikalski, J. R., W. M. MacKenzie, Jr., and M. Koenig, 2009: Cloud-top Properties of Growing Cumulus prior to Convective Initiation as measured by Meteosat Second Generation. Part 2. Analysis of visible signatures.

Submitted. J. Appl. Meteor. Clim.



Minnis, P., J. Huang, B. Lin, Y. Yi, R. F. Arduini, T.-F. Fan, J. K. Ayers, and G. G. Mace, 2007: Ice cloud properties in ice-over-water cloud systems using TRMM VIRS and TMI data. J. Geophys. Res., 112, D06206, doi:10.1029/2006JD007626. 


Pavolonis, Michael J.; Feltz, Wayne F.; Heidinger, Andrew K. and Gallina, Gregory M.. A daytime complement to the reverse absorption technique for improved automated detection of volcanic ash. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Volume 23, Issue 11, 2006, pp.1422-1444. Call Number: Reprint # 5242


Prata, A.J., S.A. Carn, A. Stohl, and J. Kerkmann (2007). Long range transport and fate of a stratospheric volcanic cloud from Soufriere Hills volcano, Montserrat, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 7, 5093-5103. ( )


Prata, A.J., G.J.S. Bluth, C. Werner, V.J. Realmuto, S.A. Carn, and I.M. Watson (2009). Remote Sensing of Gas Emissions from Volcanoes, in Satellite Monitoring of Volcanoes: Spaceborne Images of the North Pacific, eds. K.G. Dean and J. Dehn (in press).


Sawyer, G.M., S.A. Carn, C. Oppenheimer, V.I. Tsanez, and M. Burton (2008). Investigation into magma degassing at Nyiragongo volcano, Democratic Republic of Congo. Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 9, Q02017, doi:10.1029/2007GC001829.


Siewert, C. W., M. Koenig, and J. R. Mecikalski, 2009: Application of Meteostat Second Generation data towards improving the nowcasting of convective initiation. Accepted. Meteorological Applications.


Smith, W. L., P. Minnis, H. Finney, R. Palikonda, and M. M. Khaiyer, 2008: An evaluation of operational GOES-derived single-layer cloud top heights with ARSCL over the ARM Southern Great Plains site. Geophys. Res. Lett., 35, L13820, doi:10.1029/2008GL034275. 


Thomas, H.E., I.M Watson, C. Kearney, S.A. Carn, and S.J. Murray (2009). A multi-sensor comparison of sulphur dioxide emissions from the 2005 eruption of Sierra Negra volcano, Galápagos Islands. Remote Sens. Environ., 113(6), 1331-1342, doi:10.1016/j.rse.2009.02.019.


Trier, S.B., and R. D. Sharman:  Convection-Permitting Simulations of the Environment Supporting Widespread Turbulence within the Upper-Level Outflow of an MCS.  Accepted, to appear in Mon. Wea. Rev.


Tupper, A., I. Itikarai, M. Richards, A.J. Prata, S.A. Carn, and D. 

Rosenfeld (2007). Facing the challenges of the International Airways Volcano Watch: the 2004/05 eruptions of Manam, Papua New Guinea, Weather and Forecasting 22(1), 175-191.


Uhlenbrock, N. L., K. M. Bedka, W. F. Feltz, and S. A. Ackerman, 2007: Mountain Wave Signatures in MODIS 6.7-μm Imagery and Their Relation to Pilot Reports of Turbulence. Wea. Forecasting, 22, 662–670.


Velden, Christopher S. and Bedka, Kristopher M.. Identifying the uncertainty in determining satellite-derived atmospheric motion vector height attribution. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, Volume 48, Issue 3, 2009, pp.450-463. Call Number: Reprint # 6017


Walker, J. R., J. R. Mecikalski, K. R. Knupp, and W. M. MacKenzie, Jr.,

2009: Development of a land surface heating index-based method to locate regions of potential mesoscale circulation formation. In Press. J.

Geophys. Res.


Wolff, J. and R. Sharman, 2008: Climatology of upper-level turbulence over the continental Unites States.  J. Appl. Meteor. Climatol., 47, 2198-2214.

Xi, B., X. Dong, P. Minnis, and M. M. Khaiyer, 2009: A 10-year climatology of cloud cover and vertical distribution derived from both surface and GOES observations over the DOE ARM SGP site. Submitted to J. Geophys. Res. 


Yang, K., N. A. Krotkov, A. J. Krueger, S. A. Carn, P. K. Bhartia, and P. F. Levelt (2007), Retrieval of large volcanic SO2 columns from the Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument: Comparison and limitations, J. Geophys. Res., 112, D24S43, doi:10.1029/2007JD008825.


Yang, K., X. Liu, N.A. Krotkov, A.J. Krueger and S.A. Carn (2009). 

Estimating the altitude of volcanic sulfur dioxide plumes from space- borne hyper-spectral UV measurements, Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L10803, doi:10.1029/2009GL038025.


Yang, K., N.A. Krotkov, A.J. Krueger, S.A. Carn, P.K. Bhartia, and P.F Levelt (2009). Improving retrieval of volcanic sulfur dioxide from backscattered UV satellite observations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 36, L03102, doi:10.1029/2008GL036036.


Yang, P., G. Hong, A. E. Dessler, S. C. Ou, K.-N Liou, P. Minnis, and Harshvardan, 2009: Contrails and induced cirrus: Optics and radiation. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., submitted.