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Science Directorate Missions/Projects

Mission Key:      Air Quality    Lidar    Radiation & Climate    Atmospheric Composition    Beyond Earth    Applied Science   
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ACT-America
ACT-America
Present
ACT-America Venn DiagramACT-America, or Atmospheric Carbon and Transport – America, will conduct five airborne campaigns across three regions in the eastern United States to study the transport and fluxes of atmospheric carbon dioxide and methane. + Learn More
ACTIVATE
ACTIVATE
Present
ACTIVATE LogoNASA’s Aerosol Cloud meTeorology Interactions oVer the western ATlantic Experiment (ACTIVATE) project is a five-year project (January 2019 – December 2023) that will provide important globally-relevant data about changes in marine boundary layer cloud systems, atmospheric aerosols, and multiple feedbacks that warm or cool the climate.
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the moon
ARCSTONE
Present
ARCSTONE LogoOne of the most challenging tasks in remote sensing from space is achieving required instrument calibration accuracy on-orbit. The Moon is considered to be an excellent exoatmospheric calibration source. ARCSTONE is a mission concept that provides a solution to this challenge. + Learn More
BATAL
BATAL
Present
BATAL LogoThe Balloon measurement campaigns of the Asian Tropopause Aerosol Layer (BATAL) is a series of field missions to study the transport of pollution in the Upper Troposphere and Lower during the Summer Asian Monsoon.
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CALIPSO
CALIPSO
Present
CALIPSO LogoCALIPSO (Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations) uses an innovative lidar and imaging system. It allows us to see natural and human-produced aerosols and thin clouds that are invisible to radar, and sometimes even to the human eye. + Learn More
CAMP2EX
CAMP2EX
Past
CAMP2EX LogoNASA CAMP2Ex (The Cloud, Aerosol and Monsoon Processes Philippines Experiment) is a multi-platform international mission studying aerosol-cloud-radiation interactions associated with the Southwest Monsoon. NASA Langley supported the CAMP2EX mission in 2019 by participating in extensive flight planning activities and helping to guide the P-3B aircraft to areas of study interest.
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CAPABLE
CAPABLE
Present
The Chemistry and Physics Atmospheric Boundary Layer Experiment (CAPABLE) is a ground-based observation site created in 2009 that is dedicated to studying atmospheric conditions in the Tidewater region of Virginia.
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CERES
CERES
Present
CERES LogoThe Clouds and the Earth’s Radiant Energy System (CERES) project provides satellite-based observations of ERB and clouds. It uses measurements from CERES instruments flying on several satellites along with data from many other instruments to produce a comprehensive set of ERB data products for climate, weather and applied science research.
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CERES
CERES FM-6
Present
CERES LogoDeployed aboard the NOAA-20/JPSS-1 Spacecraft in November 2017, CERES Flight Model 6 (FM-6) continues observations that help measure the effect of clouds on the earth energy balance, which strongly influences both weather and climate.
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CLARREO Pathfinder Mission Logo
CLARREO Pathfinder
Present
CLARREO Pathfinder LogoCLARREO Pathfinder’s data will help us better understand Earth’s changing climate. CLARREO Pathfinder (CPF) data will do this by taking highly accurate measurements of sunlight reflected by Earth and the Moon. + Learn More
COVE
COVE
Past
After 17 years of continuous operation, the CERES Ocean Validation Experiment (COVE) at Chesapeake Light Station, has been indefinitely suspended due to structural concerns. All pertinent equipment as well as most instrumentation, power and communication hardware have been removed as of December 2016. All data acquisition operations were discontinued at that time.
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CRAVE
CRAVE
Present
CRAVE LogoThe CERES Radiation and Validation Experiment (CRAVE) provides continuous world-class surface radiation measurements and validation of CERES and other satellite products. CRAVE consists of three sites (2 active and 1 legacy). + Learn More
DCOTSS
DCOTSS
Present
DCOTSS LogoUsing online collaboration tools in preparation for the Dynamics and Chemistry of the Summer Stratosphere (DCOTSS) Earth Venture field campaign, NASA Langley contributed to a simulated flight planning exercise conducted in July 2019.
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DEMETER
DEMETER
Future
DEMETER LogoDEMETER is an ESTO-funded next-generation radiometric sensor that will not only dramatically reduce the size and weight of satellites sent to monitor ERB, but also greatly increase the utility of these instruments for meeting the evolving needs of the climate-modeling community.
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DEMETER
DEVELOP
Present
DEVELOP LogoDEVELOP, part of NASA’s Applied Sciences Program, addresses environmental and public policy issues through interdisciplinary research projects that apply the lens of NASA Earth observations to community concerns around the globe. + Learn More
DISCOVER-AQ
DISCOVER-AQ
Past
DISCOVER-AQ Logo
DISCOVER-AQ was a four-year campaign to improve the use of satellites to monitor air quality for public health and environmental benefit.
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ERBS
ERBS
Past
The ERBS satellite was deployed from the Space Shuttle Challenger in October 1984 by NASA Astronaut Sally Ride and later launched by the Shuttle “Challenger” crew into a 57 degree inclination precessing orbit with a period of approximately 72 days.
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the moon
ESCAPE
Future
The Extreme-ultraviolet Stellar Characterization for Atmospheric Physics and Evolution (ESCAPE) Mission will study cosmic explosions and the debris they leave behind, and monitor how nearby stellar flares may affect the atmospheres of orbiting planets. + Learn More
FIREX-AQ
FIREX-AQ
Present
FIREX-AQ LogoFire Influence on Regional to Global Environments and Air Quality (FIREX-AQ), a joint venture between NOAA and NASA, is a comprehensive wildfire smoke investigation and the latest in a long history of collaborative research between the two federal science agencies. + Learn More
GOES Severe Storm Analysis
GOES Severe Storm Analysis
Present
GOES Severe Storm analysis is helping to reveal a layered picture of a storm that was historically intense.
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HSRL-2
HSRL-2
Present
The NASA Langley airborne High Spectral Resolution Lidar 2 (HSRL) is used to characterize clouds and small particles in the atmosphere, called aerosols.
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KLASH
KLASH
Past
KLASH LogoIn February of 2014 a team of scientists from NASA’s Langley Research Center and the University of Wyoming mounted a rapid balloon deployment to make in situ measurements in this volcanic plume in order to assess its radiative and climate impacts and provide validation measurements for the CALIPSO space-borne lidar mission.
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KORUS-AQ
KORUS-AQ
Past
KLASH LogoIn 2016 KORUS-AQ offered the opportunity to further advance NASA goals and those of its international partners related to air quality through a targeted field study focused on the South Korean peninsula and surrounding waters.
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LARGE
LARGE
Present
LARGE is based in the Chemistry and Dynamics Branch of the Science Directorate at NASA’s Langley Research Center. We specialize in making in situ aerosol and cloud measurements and conducting research to improve understanding of atmospheric aerosols and their interactions with water vapor.
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Engineer Richard Martin installing the SABOR instruments on the King Air, UC12. Photo taken 06/02/14 by David C. Bowman/NASA Langley
The Lidar Group
Present
LITE LogoThe Lidar Applications Group is based out of the Science Directorate at NASA’s Langley Research Center. The research campaigns and experiments performed in the Lidar group use Lidar technology on various aircraft to learn more about our atmosphere, what’s in it, and how it’s changing. + Learn More
LISTOS
LISTOS
Present
The Long Island Sound Tropospheric Ozone Study (LISTOS) is a multi-agency collaborative study focusing on Long Island Sound and the surrounding coastlines that continue to suffer from poor air quality exacerbated by land/water circulations.
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LITE
LITE
Past
LITE LogoLITE was a three-wavelength backscatter lidar developed by NASA Langley Research Center to fly on the Space Shuttle to support advancement of knowledge of Earth as a system to meet the chanllenges of environmental changes, and to improve life on our planet. + Learn More
 Michigan Peninsula Areal Image - Learn More about MOOSE Campaign
MOOSE
Present
Michigan Ontario Ozone Source Experiment (MOOSE) is a community-organized experiment targeting air quality over the Michigan/Ontario border region from aircraft and ground-based measurements.
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NAAMES
NAAMES
Past
NAAMES LogoThe North Atlantic Aerosols and Marine Ecosystems Study (NAAMES) is a five year investigation to resolve key processes controlling ocean system function, their influences on atmospheric aerosols and clouds and their implications for climate.
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NAAMES
My NASA Data
Current
My NASA Data LogoMy NASA Data (MND) is one of the few NASA Earth Science educator resources providing grade 3-12 teachers access to NASA mission data through unique tools that help students learn about Earth system science. My NASA Data features phenomena and related resources from each of the spheres in the Earth system.
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OWLETS
OWLETS 1 & 2
Past
OWLETS Logo
The Ozone Water–Land Environmental Transition Study (OWLETS), conducted during the summers months of 2017 and 2018, utilized enhanced observational strategies in order to obtain a better understanding of chemical forecasts and pollution transport over the lower and upper Chesapeake Bay watershed.
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POWER
POWER
Present
The Prediction Of Worldwide Energy Resources (POWER) project was initiated to improve upon the current renewable energy data set and to create new data sets from new satellite systems. The POWER project targets three user communities: 1) Renewable Energy, 2) Sustainable Buildings, and 3) Agroclimatology. + Learn More
RaD-X
RaD-X
Past
RaD-X LogoThe NASA Radiation Dosimetry Experiment (RaD-X) high-altitude balloon mission was successfully launched from Fort Sumner, New Mexico on 25 September, 2015. Over 20 hours of science data were obtained from four dosimeters at altitudes above 20 km. It provided first-time indications of how cosmic rays deposit energy at the top of atmosphere.
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SABER
SABER
Present
SABER LogoSABER produced the first comprehensive global measurements of this the upper atmosphere.
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SAGE III on ISS
SAGE III on ISS
Present
SAGE3onISS LogoSAGE III on the International Space Station (ISS) is a third-generation solar and lunar occultation instrument that studies ozone, aerosols, and other gases in the Earth’s stratosphere. + Learn More
SAGE IV Pathfinder
SAGE IV Pathfinder
Future
SAGE IV LogoNASA’s SAGE IV Pathfinder is ‘science in a shoebox,’ which enables a sustainable way to monitor the health of Earth’s ozone layer at roughly 1/10 the cost and size of previous SAGE instruments. + Learn More
NAAMES
SaSa
Current
SaSa LogoSaSa (Student Airborne Science Activation) increases the diversity of the STEM workforce. To help foster more effective, sustainable, and efficient use of the NASA science content, we will build student research opportunities as part of the existing courses and research programs at selected minority-serving institutions.
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TEMPO Logo
TEMPO
Future
TEMPO LogoThe TEMPO instrument is a UV-visible spectrometer, and will be the first ever space-based instrument to monitor air pollutants hourly across the North American continent during daytime.
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TRACER-AQ Block
TRACER-AQ
Current
The Tracking Aerosol Convection interactions ExpeRiment-Air Quality (TRACER-AQ) began Sept. 1 and includes both airborne and ground-based measurements of trace gases, aerosols, and weather to help scientists better understand some of the intricacies of air quality in the Houston area. + Learn More
TOR
Tropospheric Ozone Residual (TOR)
Past
In the late 1980s, Dr. Jack Fishman pioneered the use of satellite observations to provide a unique and eye-opening perspective of the extent of global pollution. This technique, called the tropospheric ozone residual, or TOR, determined the quasi-global extent of tropospheric ozone.
+ Learn More
  • CAPABLE/CRAVE Full Site Photo from left to right site enclosures: 1196A NASA LaRC, MPLnet, Virginia DEQ
    CAPABLE/CRAVE Full Site Photo from left to right site enclosures: 1196A NASA LaRC, MPLnet, Virginia DEQ

  • NASA LaRC NAST-I and HU ASSIST side-by-side for intercomparison
    NASA LaRC NAST-I and HU ASSIST side-by-side for intercomparison

  • Virginia DEQ, NASA and Penn State-NATIVE Enclosures (from right to left)
    Virginia DEQ, NASA and Penn State-NATIVE Enclosures (from right to left)

  • Ozone-sonde away.
    Ozone-sonde away.
  • About to lift.
    About to lift.
PurpleAir PA-II-SD Air Quality Sensor
Laser Particle Counters
Type (2) PMS5003
Range of measurement 0.3, 0.5, 1.0, 2.5, 5.0, & 10 μm
Counting efficiency 50% at 0.3μm & 98% at ≥0.5μm
Effective range
(PM2.5 standard)*
0 to 500 μg/m³
Maximum range (PM2.5 standard)* ≥1000 μg/m³
Maximum consistency error (PM2.5 standard) ±10% at 100 to 500μg/m³ & ±10μg/m³ at 0 to 100μg/m³
Standard Volume 0.1 Litre
Single response time ≤1 second
Total response time ≤10 seconds
Pressure, Temperature, & Humidity Sensor
Type BME280
Temperature range -40°F to 185°F (-40°C to 85°C)
Pressure range 300 to 1100 hPa
Humidity Response time (τ63%): 1 s
Accuracy tolerance: ±3% RH
Hysteresis: ≤2% RH


Pandora capabilities

Instrument

Response

Parameter

Precision

Uncertainty

Range

Resolution

Pandora

~2min

Total Column O3, NO2, HCHO, SO2, H2O, BrO

0.01 DU

0.1 DU

 

 

Virginia Department of Environment Quality in-situ instrumentation

Instrument

Response

Parameter

Precision

Uncertainty

Thermo Scientific 42C (Molybdenum converter)
(VADEQ)

60 s

NO and NOx

50 pptv

3%

Teledyne API 200EU w/ photolytic converter
(EPA) PI-Szykman

20 s

NO2

50 pptv

 

Thermo Scientific 49C (VADEQ)

20 s

O3

1 ppbv

4%

Thermo Scientific 48i (VADEQ)

60 s

CO

40 ppbv

5%

Thermo Scientific 43i (VADEQ)

80 s

SO2

0.2 ppbv

5%

Thermo Scientific 1400AB TEOM (VADEQ)

600 s

PM2.5 (continuous)

µg/m3

1 3%

Thermo Scientific Partisol Plus 2025 (VADEQ)

24 hr

PM2.5 (filter-based FRM)- 1/3 days

 

 

BSRN-LRC-49
Large area view.
Latitude: 37.1038
Longitude: -76.3872
Elevation: 3 m Above sea level
Scenes: urban, marsh, bay, river and farm.

Legend

  • The inner red circle is a 20km CERES foot print centered on the BSRN-LRC site.
  • The pink circle represents a possible tangential 20km foot print.
  • The middle red circle represents the area in which a 20km foot print could fall and still see the site.
  • Yellow is a sample 40 deg off nadir foot print.
  • The outer red circle is the region which would be seen by a possible 40 deg off nadir foot print.
The BSRN-LRC sun tracker at the NASA Langley Research Center on a snowy day (02/20/2015) The BSRN-LRC sun tracker at the NASA Langley Research Center on a snowy day (02/20/2015)
CAPABLE-BSRN Google Site Location Image

Team Satellite Sensor G/L Dates Number of obs Phase angle range (°)
CMA FY-3C MERSI LEO 2013-2014 9 [43 57]
CMA FY-2D VISSR GEO 2007-2014
CMA FY-2E VISSR GEO 2010-2014
CMA FY-2F VISSR GEO 2012-2014
JMA MTSAT-2 IMAGER GEO 2010-2013 62 [-138,147]
JMA GMS5 VISSR GEO 1995-2003 50 [-94,96]
JMA Himawari-8 AHI GEO 2014- -
EUMETSAT MSG1 SEVIRI GEO 2003-2014 380/43 [-150,152]
EUMETSAT MSG2 SEVIRI GEO 2006-2014 312/54 [-147,150]
EUMETSAT MSG3 SEVIRI GEO 2013-2014 45/7 [-144,143]
EUMETSAT MET7 MVIRI GEO 1998-2014 128 [-147,144]
CNES Pleiades-1A PHR LEO 2012 10 [+/-40]
CNES Pleiades-1B PHR LEO 2013-2014 10 [+/-40]
NASA-MODIS Terra MODIS LEO 2000-2014 136 [54,56]
NASA-MODIS Aqua MODIS LEO 2002-2014 117 [-54,-56]
NASA-VIIRS NPP VIIRS LEO 2012-2014 20 [50,52]
NASA-OBPG SeaStar SeaWiFS LEO 1997-2010 204 (<10, [27-66])
NASA/USGS Landsat-8 OLI LEO 2013-2014 3 [-7]
NASA OCO-2 OCO LEO 2014
NOAA-STAR NPP VIIRS LEO 2011-2014 19 [-52,-50]
NOAA GOES-10 IMAGER GEO 1998-2006 33 [-66, 81]
NOAA GOES-11 IMAGER GEO 2006-2007 10 [-62, 57]
NOAA GOES-12 IMAGER GEO 2003-2010 49 [-83, 66]
NOAA GOES-13 IMAGER GEO 2006 11
NOAA GOES-15 IMAGER GEO 2012-2013 28 [-52, 69]
VITO Proba-V VGT-P LEO 2013-2014 25 [-7]
KMA COMS MI GEO 2010-2014 60
AIST Terra ASTER LEO 1999-2014 1 -27.7
ISRO OceanSat2 OCM-2 LEO 2009-2014 2
ISRO INSAT-3D IMAGER GEO 2013-2014 2

The NASA Prediction Of Worldwide Energy Resources (POWER) Project improves the accessibility and usage NASA Earth Observations (EO) supporting community research in three focus areas: 1) renewable energy development, 2) building energy efficiency, and 3) agroclimatology applications. The latest POWER version enhances its distribution systems to provide the latest NASA EO source data, be more resilient, support users more effectively, and provide data more efficiently. The update will include hourly-based source Analysis Ready Data (ARD), in addition to enhanced daily, monthly, annual, and climatology ARD. The daily time-series now spans 40 years for meteorology available from 1981 and solar-based parameters start in 1984. The hourly source data are from Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System (CERES) and Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO), spanning 20 years from 2001.

The newly available hourly data will provide users the ARD needed to model the energy performance of building systems, providing information directly amenable to decision support tools introducing the industry standard EPW (EnergyPlus Weather file). One of POWER’s partners, Natural Resource Canada’s RETScreen™, will be simultaneously releasing a new version of its software, which will have integrated POWER hourly and daily ARD products. For our agroclimatology users, the ICASA (International Consortium for Agricultural Systems Applications standards) format for the crop modelers has been modernized.

POWER is releasing new user-defined analytic capabilities, including custom climatologies and climatological-based reports for parameter anomalies, ASHRAE® compatible climate design condition statistics, and building climate zones. The ARD and climate analytics will be readily accessible through POWER's integrated services suite, including the Data Access Viewer (DAV). The DAV has been improved to incorporate updated parameter groupings, new analytical capabilities, and the new data formats. Updated methodology documentation and usage tutorials, as well as application developer specific pages, allow users to access to POWER Data efficiently.

+Visit the POWER Program Site to Learn More.